AskDefine | Define monas

Dictionary Definition

monas n : a singular metaphysical entity from which material properties are said to derive [syn: monad]

User Contributed Dictionary

Latin

Noun

monas, monadis f
  1. the number one

Extensive Definition

The Monumen Nasional (or Tugu Monas, the National Monument tower) is a 450 ft (137 m) tall tower in Central Jakarta, symbolizing the fight for Indonesia's Independence. Its construction began in 1961 under Sukarno and was not finished until 1975 under Suharto. It is topped by a 14.5 tonnes flame-shaped bronze plated in 35 kg (1,125 troy ounces) of gold.
Visitors can take a lift up to a platform with a good view of Medan Merdeka Park, Istiqlal Mosque and the city, if it is not too foggy. Inside the base of the monument is an exhibition on the country's Declaration of Independence and several dioramas showing the history of Indonesia.

Monument Design

The design of the monument is meant to combine elements of masculine and feminine. The design based on Lingga-Yoni, the symbol of fertility in ancient Hindu-Javanese belief. The phallic shaft comes toward the ground and is engulfed by square base meant to symbolize fertility. The monument body was made of steel and concrete covered with italian white marble. On the top of the tower there's a square terrace that can be reach by visitor with elevator. From here visitor can see aerial view of Jakarta. The monument is crowned by gold-coated flame, right on the top of the peak terrace. This golden flame symbolize the spirit of freedom and the struggle for independence of Indonesian people.
monas in French: Monumen Nasional
monas in Indonesian: Monumen Nasional
monas in Dutch: Monumen Nasional
monas in Japanese: モナス
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